The Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ held a review meeting on the progress made on the implementation of NEP 2020 on school education.
What is NEP?
An NEP is a comprehensive framework to guide the development of education in the country. The need for a policy was first felt in 1964 when Congress MP Siddheshwar Prasad criticised the then government for lacking a vision and philosophy for education. The same year, a 17-member Education Commission, headed by then UGC Chairperson D S Kothari, was constituted to draft a national and coordinated policy on education. Based on the suggestions of this Commission, Parliament passed the first education policy in 1968.
A new NEP usually comes along every few decades. India has had three to date. The first came in 1968 and the second in 1986, under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi respectively; the NEP of 1986 was revised in 1992 when P V Narasimha Rao was Prime Minister. The third is the NEP released Wednesday under the Prime Ministership of Narendra Modi.
New Education Policy: Highlights
Outcomes of NEP 2020:
- Universalisation from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030, aligning with SDG4
- Attaining Foundational Learning & Numeracy Skills through National Mission by 2025
- 100% GER in Pre-School to Secondary Level by 2030
- Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023
- Inclusive & Equitable Education System by 2030
- Board Exams to test core concepts and application of knowledge
- Every Child will come out of School adept in at least one Skill
- Common Standards of Learning in Public & Private Schools
Major Reforms in School Education:
- Board exams will be low stakes & test actual knowledge instead of rote learning
- Mother tongue to be a medium of instruction till 5th grade
- Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities instead of just marks and statements
- National mission to focus on basic literacy and basic numeracy
- Major changes in the pedagogical structure of curriculum with no rigid separation between streams
- All separations between vocational and academic and curricular and extra-curricular will also be removed
Major reforms in the Indian education system:
- New National Curriculum Framework for ECE, School, Teachers and Adult Education
- Board Examination will be Low Stakes, Based on Knowledge Application
- Medium of Instruction till at least Grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond in Home Language/ Mother tongue/ Regional Language
- 360 degree Holistic Progress Card of Child
- Tracking Student Progress for Achieving Learning Outcomes
- National assessment center – PARAKH
- NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission TO HEIs
- National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
- Book Promotion Policy and Digital Libraries
- Transparent online self disclosure for public oversight and accountability
- Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)
- National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
- 5+3+3+4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
- Curriculum to integrate 21st Century Skills, Mathematical Thinking and Scientific temper
- No Rigid Separation between Arts & Sciences, between Curricular and extra-Curricular activities, between Vocational and Academic streams
- Education of Gifted Children
- Gender Inclusion Fund
- KGBVs upto Grade 12
- Reduction in Curriculum to Core Concepts
- Vocational integration from Class 6 onwards
Use of Technology in:
- Education Planning
- Teaching Learning & Assessment
- Administration & Management
- Regulation- Self Disclosure & Minimum Human Interface
- Increasing Access for Disadvantaged Groups
- Divyang Friendly Education Softwar
- E-Content in Regional Language
- Virtual Labs
- National Educational Technology Forum (NETF)
- Digitally Equipping Schools, Teachers and Students
- Graded Autonomy: Academic, Administrative & Financial
- Phasing out Affiliation System in 15 years
- National Mission on Mentoring
- Independent Board of Governors (BoG)
- Single Regulator for Higher Education (excluding Legal and Medical)
- On-line Self Disclosure based Transparent System for Approvals in place of ‘Inspections’
- Common Norms for Public and Private HEIs
- Private Philanthropic Partnership
- Fee fixation within Board Regulatory Framework
- Public Investment in Education Sector to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest
Major Reforms in Higher Education:
- 50% Gross Enrolment Ration by 2035
- Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education- Flexibility of Subjects
- Multiple Entry/Exit
- UG Programme – 3 or 4 years
- PG pgrogramme – 1 or 2 years
- Integrated 5 year bachelor’s/Master’s
- M Phil to be discontinued
- Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits
- HEIs: Research Intensive/ Teaching Intensive Universities and Autonomous Degree Granting College
- Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University (MERU)
- The present Education Policy was adopted in 1986 which have been continued till date that is for last 34 years
- The country got the education policy after 34 years
- The Union Cabinet, chaired by the PM himself, has approved the Draft of National Education Policy today morning.
- The Cabinet has also accepted the puposal of changing name of MHRD to Education Ministry.
- The vision of creating an education system that contributes directly to transforming the country, providing high-quality education to all, and making India a global knowledge superpower.
Evolution of Education Policy:
- University Education Commissioin (1948-49)
- Secondary Education Commission (1952-53)
- Education Commissiion (1964-66) under Dr. D. S. Kothari
- National Policy on Education, 1968
- 42nd Constitutional Amendment, 1976- Education in Concurrent List
- National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986
- NPE 1986 Modified in 1992 (Programme of Action, 1992)
- T.S.R. Subramaniam Committee Report (May 27, 2016)
- Dr. K. Kasturirangan Committee Report (May 31, 2019)
NEP 2020 review meeting:
New Delhi: The Minister of Education Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’, in a review meeting on the implementation of National Education Policy (NEP) on school education held on 8th December, 2020 discussed several issues of the policy and its implementation. The review meeting of the implementation of NEP 2020 on school education was also attended by senior officials including Minister of State for Education Sanjay Dhotre, Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) Chairperson Anita Karwal and Commissioner of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan Nidhi Pandey.
Implementation of NEP 2020 and Revised norms under Samagra Shiksha:
The NEP 2020 review meeting on school education had discussions on various topics including major tasks initiated by the National Education Policy, actions undertaken by states and Union Territories on the implementation of NEP 2020. The Education Minister while reviewing various aspects of NEP on school education also dealt with the revised norms under Samagra Shiksha, a centrally sponsored scheme for school education, that are in line with NEP 2020.
“I chaired a high-level meeting to review the progress made regarding the implementation of NEP 2020 within school education today. The discussion centred around the major tasks initiated by NEP 2020, actions undertaken by States and UTs on the implementation of the Policy and the revised norms under Samagra Shiksha that are in line with NEP,” the Education Minister said.
Discussion on quality of education:
Earlier on August 28, the education minister in a review meeting of the Samagra Shiksha had discussions on various topics including provisions for quality education of students, ways to increase learning outcomes of students and bridging the social-gender gaps in school education.
Meeting with CBSE, NCERT and NCTE will be held soon:
Mr Pokhriyal, in his social media handle also said that another meeting with the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) and National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) will be held soon.