It has been agreed that the olden education system in India needs transformation. The government had enacted several reformations in the past to structure the education system. Several of the ideas went into vain as the education developed into a model of ‘commercialisation.’ The gap in the education broadened as the people from the wealthy family got involved in the sophisticated form of education commercialization. No one took a strong step and the only bearers were the students. The students had been left to fill up the gap of education by themselves and this was the beginning of two separate worlds. The government has introduced the National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) to solve out and fill the broadened educational gap in India. As expected, the National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) may provide a better scope to the students in the future but will it reduce the gap? Another major concern is the implementation plan of National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020), the government has launched 6 point action plan to help the people to understand the pathways.
Area of Controversy
The Education Minister of Delhi, Manish Sisodia, stated that the National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) worked hard to accomplish greater goals with small budgets. Pointing it out, he said that the investment of 6 per cent of India’s GDP was implemented in the education policy of 1968 and it turned out to be a big failure. The statistics of suicides in India proclaimed that much-needed stress must be addressed to the ‘unemployment’ and ‘vocational degrees.’
The National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) has brought three groundbreaking changes
- Multiple Entries and exits aligning with the transfer of credits
- Developing an idea of multi-disciplinarily streams
- Designing the flexibility of board exams.
To answer the questions, the Union Cabinet Minister of Education, Dr Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, took Twitter to clarify the inquiries of the students and explained the arrangement of the new formal education briefly. However, Dr Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank represented the 60 Point Action Plan to help out the people to follow the procedure of reformation in the schooling structure. The plan had been drawn out as per the recommendation of the National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020) that is to be implemented in the future for a positive outcome.
60 Point Action Plan
- There would be twin format to understand the respective skills of the students in Grade 3, Grade 5 and Grade 8.
- There would be a National Level entrance examination for all the higher educational institutions. The concept of ‘one examination’ has been taken from the SAT that is applicable in the USA to take admission in any University and College.
- The National Testing Agency will establish a panel to examine the complexity of the entrance examination for getting enrollment in higher education. It has been planned that the Higher Educational Institutions must opt for a well-planned standardization of ‘one’ entrance examination.
- The bodies of educational board namely the Central Board of Secondary education (CBSE), the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) and the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) will represent a preeminent position in the upgrading of education and training of teachers in NEP 2020. The trio has decided to work for diminishing the burden of examination at all levels. As per the plan, the Central Board of Secondary education (CBSE) and the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) has produced a little shift in the pattern. The duo has decided to operate two patterns of examinations- Subjective pattern and Objective pattern in the academic session of 2022- 2023.
- The Central Board of Secondary education (CBSE) has planned a new pattern of assessment for the formative and summative assessment along with an evaluation procedure. This new pattern of evaluation has been planned for elementary schooling (Grade 3, Grade 5 and Grade 8).
- According to the new plan, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has designed to advance the students to be eager for education. This new vision involves a three-month-long outlining of the pre-module playschool for the children.
- The introduction of ‘item banks’ for the students of Grade 1 to Grade 5 will help to measure the achievement of learning. The development of ‘infographics’, ‘posters’ and ‘bite-sized films’ on each of the learning outcomes will help the students to understand the measurement of intellect and insight.
- The Education Ministry has also emphasized the ‘foundational literacy and Numeracy’ for all the states and Union Territories. The year-wise planning of the ‘foundational literacy and Numeracy’ will help to achieve the national target of good foundational set up by the year 2025-2026.
What is the aim of 60 Point Action Plan?
The aim of a 60 point action plan is to ‘demystify’ the school education to put a limit to the unnecessary burden of education amongst the students. The random, illogical burden during school is a barrier in the learning process of students.
Where should the new action plan focus?
- The reinforcing of new teachers is much needed in the school system.
- It is remarkably important to plan out the wide use of technology to provide an equal to all students. The current ‘edtech’ has contributed a lot to the market value but at the same time, the ground reality shows a different story.
- Also, the allocation of expenditure scheme shows that the central government provides 60 per cent and the state government provides 40 per cent. In reality, the centre provides 30 per cent to 40 per cent funding to education and has the freedom to be flexible with the percentage of expenditure.
The new National Education Policy of 2020 (NEP-2020) has provided a claim of 6 per cent of India’s GDP. The focus is now on the implementation plan and the success.